By Melissa Harris
Aperture factor 201 (Winter 2010) comprises: Portfolios and Essays from Lynsey Addario and Elizabeth Rubin, Aïm Deüelle Lüski and Ariella Azoulay, Lucia Nimcova and Clare Butcher, Willy Ronis and Carole Naggar, Ben Sloat, Axel Hoedt and Magdalene Keaney, Roger Ballen and Walter Guadagnini.
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Extra resources for Aperture 201: Winter 2010
With light" very fluently. improved by under- or overexposure. 33 Modern DSLRs have an LCD screen for REFLECTING LIGHT viewing images-that is, checking pictures Let's go back to basics. (For advanced photog- just made and any others stored on the flash raphers, you can skip this section if you wish, memory card in the camera. ) First, it's necessary still difficult to judge from that view whether to understand that metering systems mea- the exposure is correct or needs fine-tuning. sure how much light is being reflected from a N That's where the histogram comes into play- scene.
Direct sunlight is harsh, with the the front of your lens (left). Aim it in the direc- tendency to wash out color and negate tion of your primary light source, then take a subtle differences in hue and tone. It also picture. Because the Expodisc records a per- creates the most contrast of all types of fect 18 percent (neutral) gray, you can then natural light, straining the limits of what use this stored image file to set your camera's most color films can handle. white balance. ) Every time to it that enhances the photographic ren- you encounter different lighting conditions, dition of many subjects.
Case of on-the-camera flash or direct sunlight. Shadows, which often give a sense of • Backlighting is the trickiest kind of light- perspective or dimension, are minimized ing to utilize, but it can also be the most or eliminated with front lighting. So it be- dramatic (above bottom). Two problems: comes a challenge to use front lighting to exposure determination and lens flare. create drama and dimension in pictures- Since you're aiming the camera at the but not impossible. The most dramatic use light source, the meter can be tricked into of front lighting occurs when a main subject giving the wrong exposure.