By Stephen Chambers
The August Offensive used to be born out of the disasters of the Gallipoli landings and the following battles of overdue spring and early summer time 1915. normal Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Expeditionary strength, selected to play all his last playing cards during this bold and inventive gamble that he was hoping might eventually flip the tide within the allies prefer and produce his military up onto the heights overlooking the elusive Dardanelles.
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With the heights secured there would be a follow on advance to push the Turks off the Second Ridge and to capture Baby 700, Battleship Hill and 400 Plateau. With Anzac Ridge captured, an advance to capture the Third Ridge would follow, followed by Gaba Tepe and then Mal Tepe, the hill overlooking Maidos and the Dardanelles. Birdwood thought rather optimistically that a single division would be sufficient for this! Hamilton saw potential in this plan, but only if he had more men available. One division would not be enough.
30 we were establishing a new firing line, building up one of their support trenches with sandbags, etc. Bombs—how I loathe the name—are only little things, about the size of a small jam tin, but they do the work of the devil. However, we hung on, and the position is still ours. I am certain if some of those who shirk could just set their eyes on some of those bodies, as they rot under the sun’s rays, they would come along. By the periscope we could distinguish some of them, but for the most part they lay in a huddled mass.
30 pm with an hour’s bombardment of the area. Twenty-eight guns could be mustered for this task whilst the Royal Navy supported the operation with HMS Bacchante, which sought targets in the valleys around the objective; and naval monitors provided counter battery aid on Turkish gun positions near Gaba Tepe and the Third Ridge. Private William Quantrill (12/AIF) recalled the bombardment on Lone Pine: On August 6 the bombardment by the British started just after dinner, by the howitzers, and about every half hour the field guns would join in with a perfect hail of shrapnel upon the Turkish trenches.