By Marcus Tomalin
This formidable and ground-breaking publication examines the linguistic reviews produced through missionaries in response to the Pacific Northwest Coast of North the USA (and fairly Haida Gwaii) in the course of the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries. Making wide use of unpublished archival fabrics, the writer demonstrates that the missionaries have been chargeable for introducing many leading edge and insightful grammatical analyses. instead of only adopting Graeco-Roman types, they drew commonly upon experiences of non-European languages, and a cautious exploration in their scripture translations exhibit the origins of the Haida sociolect that emerged end result of the missionary task. The advanced interactions among the missionaries and anthropologists also are mentioned, and it's proven that the previous occasionally expected linguistic analyses which are now incorrectly attributed to the latter. on account that this ebook attracts upon contemporary paintings in theoretical linguistics, spiritual background, translation stories, and anthropology, it emphasises the inevitably interdisciplinary nature of Missionary Linguistics learn.
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Extra info for “And he knew our language”: Missionary Linguistics on the Pacific Northwest Coast (Studies in the History of the Language Sciences)
The name 'Gwaii Haanas' is an unfortunate one, when viewed from a purely linguistic perspective. It is supposed to mean "Islands of Beauty", but, in Haida, the verb haana ("to be handsome") cannot be applied to islands or to places in general, therefore the name of the park is grammatically incorrect. For a detailed discussion of this, see Enrico (2005: 1736). Chapter 2. Culture and contact century. 4 At certain times, Haida Gwaii has been called 'Santa Margari~ 'Great Island: and 'The Washington Islands~ and no doubt there have been many other names which were never recorded and which therefore have subsequently been forgotten.
Most provocatively, in a 1979 article, Robert Levine explicitly rejected Chapter 1. Introduction the still widely-accepted idea that Haida belonged to the Na-Dene group. Basing his findings on his own fieldwork rather than solely on Swanton's data, Levine came to the controversial conclusion that [... , as set up by Sapir in his 1915 statement) is spurious, and that there is currently no empirical basis for including Haida in the Na-dene grouping. (Levine 1979: 157) 9 Levine had collated his Skidegate materials while preparing his 1977 PhD thesis The Skidegate Dialect ofHaida, so he was able to draw upon this new data while making his case, and his trenchant attack upon Sapir's Na-Dene classification was part of a broader resurgence of interest in Haida linguistics.
In the published account of the voyage, which consists mainly of descriptive letters written by William Beresford (fl. 1789), the naming of the islands is mentioned as follows: Chapter 2. Culture and contact There is every reason to suppose, not only from the number of inlets we met in coasting along the shore, but from our meeting the same inhabitants on the opposite sides of the coast, that this is not one continual land, but rather forms a group of islands; and as such, we distinguished them by the name of Queen Charlotte's Islands [...