By Albert L. Lloyd
The ongoing debate over the life or non-existence of formal verbal element in Gothic caused the writer to jot down this monograph whose goal is to supply a totally new beginning for a conception of point and similar positive aspects. Gothic, with its constrained corpus, representing a translation of the Greek, and exhibiting fascinating parallels with Slavic verbal buildings, serves and an illustrative version for the idea. partly I the writer argues unified conception of element, actional kinds, and verbal pace provided there possesses an inner common sense and isn't at variance with saw evidence in a variety of Indo-European languages. partly II an research is gifted of the Gothic verb approach which seeks to provide an explanation for the much-disputed functionality of ga- and to resolve the matter of Gothic element and actional forms which does no violence both to the Gothic textual content or the Greek unique.
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Extra resources for Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a Unified Theory of Aspect, Actional Types, and Verbal Velocity. (Part I: Theory; Part II: Application) (Studies in Language Companion Series)
2139. The word 'entity' is a poor choice in this context and should not be confused with our use of the word. Predicational Bidimensionality velocity in one unchanging direction. 25 Every entity is con- tinuously moving with the same TEMPORAL VELOCITY. Hence every predication is dynamic, to the extent that it attri butes existence and thus temporal velocity to the subject entity and whatever characterizes that entity. Of course, since the observer/reporter is also proceeding with the same temporal velocity, other entities seem to him to be static, so long as he views them from his actual position within the flow of time.
On the other hand, in 'He drank a cup of tea', the drinking pulses are directed to ward the goal of consuming a cupful of tea; each sip dis poses of more of the liquid until the goal is achieved, at Verbal Velocities 47 which time a significant change in the tea — and perhaps in the drinker as well -- has certainly resulted. Verbs are assigned to sub-class if, at least in that particular language, they can never be aligned in normal usage so as to achieve any significant change. In English, for example, the verb talk can only predicate an activity; in 'He talked to me about the party he planned to give', no change in the subject, 'the party', or 'me' is involved.
In fact the actional change is so dominant that one loses sight of the multipartite nature of the action; such verbs are always cumulative (3a). In English, and incidentally also in Gothic, progress on the spatial plane is formally irrelevant. , involves motion in a single specific direc tion spatially. A non-cumulative like run may be spatially indeterminate ('He is running to keep warm') or determinate ('He is running to his mother') depending on the context. Since spatial considerations have no effect on the actional characteristics of the predication, the terms 'indetermin ate' and 'determinate' have no actional significance.