By Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff
An advent to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages
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Additional resources for An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium)
The manifold phenomena of conditioned phonetic evolution have not yet been sufficiently investigated from the point of view of comparative Semitic linguistics: a study of these phenomena and processes in the various languages and groups, as well as the determination of their frequency, will undoubtedly contribute to a better comparative appraisal of the Semitic languages. In the treatment which follows some of these instances will be identified and illustrated; attention will be drawn to salient aspects and characteristic features in individual languages and groups, while for detailed discussion the reader is referred to the grammars of the various languages concerned.
Pay « *lpayy) "living". g. *mawt > miiwet "death", *bayt > bayit "house". These are probably cases of anaptyxis (cf. 17). 101. "Defective" writing in Aramaic shows that the reduction of the diphthongs had taken place even in the most ancient inscriptions; some exceptions in Egyptian Aramaic are doubtless to be explained as instances of historical spelling. 100). g. 'ayna "eye", but st. constr. 'en. 102. g. ywm and ym "day") which may suggest that the process of reduction was at an active stage (of.
Assimilation of vowels (or vowel harmony) is always at distance, since the structure of the Semitic syllable does not admit vowels in positions of direct contact (cf. 2). Vowel harmony is particularly extensive in Akkadian (von Soden, GAG, pp. g. Akk. g. Akk. g. Ar. *riglihu "of his foot" > riglihi (vowel harmony in the suffix-pronoun of the third-person m. g. Ug. ulp "prince", cf. Heb. 'allilp; Ar. ) "years" > sinina. g. nom. qaqqudu "head", gen. qaqqidi, acc. qaqqada; cf. also Ar. 'imru'un "man", 'imri'in, 'imra'an.