By Norbert M. Samuelson
The booklet is split into 3 sections. the 1st presents a normal historic review for the Jewish proposal that follows. the second one summarizes the diversity of uncomplicated forms of renowned, optimistic Jewish dedication within the 20th century. The 3rd and significant part summarizes the elemental considered these smooth Jewish philosophers whose proposal is technically the easiest and/or the main influential in Jewish highbrow circles. The Jewish philosophers coated comprise Spinoza, Mendelssohn, Hermann Cohen, Martin Buber, Franz Rosenzweig, Mordecai Kaplan, and Emil Fackenheim.
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The movement of the children of Israel from a nomadic to a land-owning, agrarian people in Canaan had forced Judaism to change its political and legal structure. The defeat of Judea in its wars for independence against Rome and the subsequent dispersion of Judeans into the Middle East, where Jews became merchants again, demanded a reconstruction of the political structure of Judaism. The introduction of Greek thought into the intellectual Jewish life of the Western Muslim Empire drove the intellectual elite of the Jewish people to rethink their views of God and the universe.
Common Era) up to the 1980's. The text consists of summaries followed by a selected bibliography of primary and secondary sources for the summaries. In presenting a general summary of any period of thought, authors necessarily make several selections. First, they decide that certain conceptual topics and certain thinkers are more important than others. The general criteria for such selection are based on the inherent value, the originality, and the historical importance for the subsequent development of Jewish thought, as judged by these authors.
S25 1989 296'. 01dc1988-15379 CIP To all my students at Temple University (1975-1987), in appreciation of their enthusiasm, constructive criticism, and devotion in studying earlier drafts of this text. CONTENTS Introduction ix Part I Historical Background 1. Migrations from Spain and the Popularization of Kabbalah 3 2. Emancipation and Its Consequences 20 3. Settlement in America 29 4. The Holocaust and the State of Israel 48 Part II Popular Expressions of Modern Judaism Introduction to Part II 63 5.