An Approach to Cybernetics [Science Today Series] by Gordon Pask, Warren S. McCulloch

By Gordon Pask, Warren S. McCulloch

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Extra info for An Approach to Cybernetics [Science Today Series]

Example text

Thus, there are systems that n:gu[ate body temperature and hydration, and if we enumerate the rest we shall describe the organization of the body. But some care is needed for there is no unique partitioning and few physical structures have an unambiguous function (the limb mo\'cment servo is exceptional). The mechanism of breathi ng, for example, maintains several homeostatic equilibria, depending upon how you look at it (this mechanism will be examined in detail). Conversely, many mechanisms co-operate to maintai n one equilibrium.

He issues instructions (from Chapter 3 we can think of these .......... •_ .... ' ...... /o\ . ,~, eo ....... , HI •• ,. b·C......... ,er. - - ~. ~ .. 6J . changing transition probabilities that govern her behaviour) and learns what instructions induce a fruitful altitude. This in an , , IOdustnal system is the method of changing parameters in a subcontroller. Finally, learning may be distributed throughout the system. The hierarchy stili has a real logical status, but no physical location &e Figure 15 (i).

The receptionist who keeps the job is able to perform the selective operation of prevaricating with callers so that, for example, the one who is welcome each hour is accepted, and the nt-I are rejected. ,·- per hour. Maybe she lasts 100 hours. Log,·.... t'M units, and commonly m ~ M. The trick. is, he made his selection from the right kind of things - receptionists - which happened to be available. The executive (overall controller) need not know how the receptionists (sub controllers at a lower level in the hierarchy) interact with the environment of callers - he only needs to evaluate the result.

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