American Indian Thought: Philosophical Essays by Anne Waters

By Anne Waters

This booklet brings jointly a various crew of yank Indian thinkers to debate conventional and modern philosophies and philosophical concerns.

  • Covers American Indian considering on matters referring to time, position, heritage, technological know-how, legislations, faith, nationhood, and art.
  • Features newly commissioned essays through authors of yank Indian descent.
  • Includes a finished bibliography to assist in learn and encourage extra reading.

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Unlike Thales and Plato, American Indian philosophers see the act of displacing oneself from the world in order to do philosophy not only as unnecessary but as highly problematic, since in doing so one is only guessing whether what one is striving after is really knowledge at all and whether the questions one has formulated are even really questions. Now, let us look at a piece of embodied and practical American Indian knowledge in context. Centuries ago, the Senecas acquired a piece of knowledge.

The "should" in the previous sentence refers to an ethical responsibility that I believe Phillip has. On the one hand, with respect to the content ofhis belief, it lacks content merit The content lacks all or some of the following characteristics: reasonable, sufficient, or relevant evidence for its truth (I don't believe it is necessary to defend this assumption ) On the other hand, given that Phillip formed that belief on the basis of prejudice, a morally unacceptable process, he would lack state merit also State merit, for the purposes of this essay, concerns the ethical acceptability of the way one came to understand or believe, the basis upon which one formed a belief, or the process by which one came to believe something and by which one claims that understanding has been furthered In short, "state merit" will refer to the ethical acceptability of how one came to understand, know, or believe something and "content merit" will refer to the cpbtemic acceptability of the content.

In Western philosophy and science, generally, it is my experiences, my thoughts, and what I can observe that count as evidence or data, and nothing else But for the American Indian philosopher to make such a break is to invoke a bias toward the individual and individual experience. This is what might be called the Cartesian bias, a bias that surely goes back much farther than Descartes to perhaps the beginnings of Western philosophy itself, but it is Descartes who gives it its clearest shape. Many philosophers dunk that the great bias of Western philosophy is Cartesian mind/body dualism: the notion that the mind and body are two separate substances However, from an American Indian perspective, the real Cartesian bias is the idea that knowledge can only be acquired and manifested individually, in or by the individual.

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