Algeria since 1989: Between Terror and Democracy (Global by James D. Le Sueur

By James D. Le Sueur

Algeria's democratic scan is seminal in post-Cold warfare background. the 1st Muslim country to try the transition from an authoritarian method to democratic pluralism, this North African kingdom turned a attempt case for reform in Africa, the Arab international and past. but whilst the rustic regarded guaranteed to develop into the world's first elected Islamic republic, there has been an army coup and the democratic approach used to be introduced sharply to a halt. Islamists declared jihad at the country and millions of civilians have been killed within the resulting decade of kingdom repression.

Le Sueur exhibits that Algeria is on the very center of latest debates approximately Islam and secular democracy, arguing that the soundness of Algeria is essential for the safety of the broader center East. Algeria given that 1989 is a full of life and crucial exam of ways the destiny of 1 kingdom is entwined with a lot better international concerns.

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For example, was Algeria’s struggle for democracy part of a broader wind of change in the late 1980s and early 1990s? Was the creation of an Islamic democracy possible in 1992? If the answer is yes, it is imperative to ask if the quick negation by the military government of the results of a democratic election in which a political Islamist party would have prevailed constituted a profound step backward, not only for Algeria but also for efforts to craft a pragmatic and peaceful political Islam worldwide.

In fact, the wealth generated by oil and gas production only masked the mounting social and economic problems left unresolved by Boumediene’s political agendas. In particular, Boumediene’s greatest shortcoming was to see industrialization as the panacea for Algeria’s troubles. In addition to ideological issues, the unresolved social concerns presented the state with perpetual challenges. 31 The demo­ graphic trend, which quickly increased the size of urban centers, would continue, and along with it came a significant rise in the birthrate in Algeria.

Before embarking upon this analysis of contemporary Algerian history, I think it helpful to ask a series of questions that will be addressed throughout the book. These questions will frame efforts to understand what went tragically wrong in Algeria during the 1990s. For example, was Algeria’s struggle for democracy part of a broader wind of change in the late 1980s and early 1990s? Was the creation of an Islamic democracy possible in 1992? If the answer is yes, it is imperative to ask if the quick negation by the military government of the results of a democratic election in which a political Islamist party would have prevailed constituted a profound step backward, not only for Algeria but also for efforts to craft a pragmatic and peaceful political Islam worldwide.

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