By Christina Hellmich
Because 9-11, al-Qaeda has ruled American discussions of nationwide and overseas defense. but conflicting assumptions concerning the nature of the gang and the results of bin Ladin's loss of life abound. instead of simply delivering another biography of al-Qaeda, Christina Hellmich forensically examines the main authoritative assets on which the current figuring out of al-Qaeda is based, studying the discrepancies among what's mentioned and what can realistically be identified. the result's a penetrating perception into a firm that for all its notoriety is among the least understood of our time.
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Extra resources for al-Qaeda: From Global Network to Local Franchise
The attacks, which have been linked to members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, brought Osama bin Ladin and Ayman al-Zawahiri to the centre of attention of the US government for the first time and led the FBI to place bin Ladin on its ‘Ten Most Wanted’ list. At the time of the trial, the intention was to prosecute bin Ladin in his absence under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), which legally required that the prosecutors provide evidence of the existence of a ‘criminal’ organization, which would allow for the prosecution of its leader, even if he or she could not be linked directly to the ‘crime’.
33 Whether or not Burke and Curtis are ultimately correct in their assessments, they do well to emphasize that the evidence describing al-Qaeda as an organization is drawn from a limited number of questionable sources. In addition to al-Fadl and Muhamed, evidence was also heard from L’Houssaine Kherchtou, who pleaded guilty to conspiracy to murder in the embassy bombings, but was granted immunity from prosecution and entered into a witness protection programme in exchange for testifying against his former colleagues.
President. There is no doubt that this was an al-Qaeda operation. ’119 In the bigger picture, it would appear that much of the controversy over attributing certain acts of terrorism to al-Qaeda stems from the fact that no clear consensus has been reached as to what al-Qaeda actually is in the first place. What Burke refers to as the ‘bin Ladin network’ is ‘al-Qaeda’ in Clarke’s account. On the whole, the East Africa embassy bombings, more than any previous attack, have been clearly attributed to ‘al-Qaeda’ – in spite of the fact that al-Qaeda’s precise identity had not been clearly determined.