By John F Kreis
From the earliest improvement of wrestle aviation, the safety and persevered working potency of verified bases assured the winning program of air energy in sleek army campaigns. the criteria affecting this safety are many and sundry. they're explored intimately during this number of experiences drawn from American and international adventure relationship from global warfare I to the Arab-Israeli clash of 1973. John F. Kreis accomplished this quantity whereas assigned to the precise stories department, place of work of Air strength historical past. A graduate of Williamette college, Mr. Kreis additionally earned a grasp of Arts measure in historical past in 1975 on the collage of Delaware. As an Air strength officer he really good in air base defense and safety. As a part of his coaching for paintings during this box, he graduated from the Federal Bureau of research nationwide Academy at Quantico, Virginia
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Extra info for Air warfare and air base air defense, 1914-1973
25 On June 1, General Shipman requested that the AEF's Headquarters approve air defense artillery for Ourches, Colombey-les-Belles, and Orly airfields, all of which were exposed to aerial bombardment. The AEF's Chief of Staff approved the request on June 8. Shipman's antiaircraft schemes, however, continued to be hampered by shortages of guns, inexperienced staff personnel, and slow training of gunners. As a result, antiaircraft artillery protection could not be organized for locations farther behind the front than Is-sur-Tille, about thirty miles north of Dijon and some eighty miles from the lines.
A lighter mount did not appear until 1942. Just before the war the United States began to manufacture 40-mm guns and rushed the design of a 90-mm high velocity antiaircraft gun, which did not appear in significant numbers until 1941. " In general, the type of defensive fire available to the United States was adequate for use against prewar planes, although the speed of potential attacking aircraft imposed distinct limitations in addition to the general shortage of weapons. The widely used sound locator was completely inadequate.
With air superiority in China easily attained, the Japanese did not engage in heavy counterair operations until the 1939 border war with the Soviet Union. The JAAF was not then fully prepared to carry out large scale air attack and defense in a concerted bid to seek air superiority. In Siberia and Manchuria, the Japanese were roughly handled by the Red Air Force, in large measure because their aircraft were not armored and were vulnerable in combat. Studies of Russian armor plating led the Japanese to experiment on their own planes, but neither armor nor self sealing fuel tanks were in common use until 1943.