Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and by Eugene A. Lovelace

By Eugene A. Lovelace

Provided during this quantity is a dialogue of present literature and theoretical matters on the subject of 3 facets of late-life age-related cognitive switch. to start with, proof concerning getting older and the elemental psychological strategies of recognition, motor keep watch over, reminiscence, language, problem-solving, and intelligence are offered. Secondly, the position of non-public features similar to character and self-efficacy within the getting older of cognitive functionality are built, in addition to self-awareness of cognitive approaches and age adjustments within the tracking of those techniques. Thirdly, attention is given to the research of interventions to hold up or remediate the cognitive declines of getting older.

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The chapters by Kotler-Cope and Camp (Chapter 8 on Memory Interventions), and by Willis (Chapter 9 on Training and Transfer of Cognitive Skills), as well as portions of the chapters by Cavanaugh and Green (Chapter 7 on Self-Efficacy), by Denney (Chapter 12 on Problem Solving), and by Cunningham and Tomer (Chapter 14 on Intelligence) address the second goal of remediation of cognitive performance deficits. Portions of many chapters also provide evidence bearing on alternative theoretical views of cognitive processing, the third goal.

An analysis of the effect of aging on recognition memory. Journal of Gerontology, 37, 212-219. Bowles, N. L. & Poon, L. W. (1985). Aging and retrieval of words in semantic memory. Journal of Gerontology, 40, 71-77. Cavanaugh, J. C. (1983). Comprehension and retention of television programs by 20and 60-year olds. Journal of Gerontology, 38, 190-196. , Poon, L. , & Williams, D. M. (1980). Age and the complexity hypothesis. In L. W. ), Aging in the 1980s: Psychological issues (pp. 332340). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Any rules or strategies employed by the central executive in these controlled processes are accessed (activated) from generic LTM, and are presumed to be triggered, in part, by the initial analyses of characteristics of the information present in the sensory store. ) The central executive is assumed to be able to activate information in the lexical store, world knowledge, or strategic processes, and in doing so effectively move this information into working memory. It can initiate a search for, and retrieve information from, episodic memory.

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