Aging and Cancer, 1st Edition by Frederick F. Holmes M.D. (auth.)

By Frederick F. Holmes M.D. (auth.)

The lifetime of a individual is finite, and all people age (see Fries 1980). it truly is tough to split the consequences of affliction on organs and tissues from these anticipated of getting older. this can be really precise for vascular and degenerative strategies, for which there are not any transparent limitations among getting older and disorder. Morbidity and mortality from center affliction and stroke are most likely due either to sickness and to alterations of getting older. For melanoma, the second one major reason behind demise in the USA, the location is kind of assorted; melanoma is obviously a illness and isn't a metamorphosis anticipated with getting older. melanoma occurrence raises virtually logarithmically after age forty. within the usa approximately one-half of all instances of melanoma are clinically determined after age sixty five, even if these over sixty five contain under one-eighth of the inhabitants. hence, melanoma is especially a lot a ailment of the aged. There are at the very least purposes for this: first, the lengthy publicity to cancer-inducing brokers, and moment, the waning strength of immune defenses opposed to cancer.

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1978; Cassagrande et al. 1979). This of course implies endogenous hormonal disturbance similar to women with breast cancer. To compound this aspect, it has been shown that there is an increased use of postmenopausal estrogens in women with ovarian cancer as compared with controls (Hoover et al. 1977). This factor alone has considerable relevance for older women. The capacious female pelvis allows considerable growth of a primary ovarian cancer before increase in abdominal girth or pain alert the patient to its presence.

This is a very salutary change because survival is much better in local than regional disease. 2 shows little improvement in survival between the two time periods. With relatively good survival at this stage it is not surprising that excessive mortality due to this disease is barely detectable in the 85-94 age-group. There is not much room left for improvement of survival; the challenge seems to be improvement of initial therapy and development of better methods of salvage of treatment failures.

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