By Gary Goertz
Some within the social sciences argue that an analogous common sense applies to either qualitative and quantitative tools. In A story of 2 Cultures, Gary Goertz and James Mahoney reveal that those paradigms represent assorted cultures, every one internally coherent but marked via contrasting norms, practices, and toolkits. They establish and speak about significant modifications among those traditions that contact approximately each point of social technology study, together with layout, targets, causal results and versions, strategies and dimension, info research, and case choice. even supposing involved in the variations among qualitative and quantitative examine, Goertz and Mahoney additionally search to advertise toleration, trade, and studying through allowing students to imagine past their very own tradition and notice an alternate clinical worldview. This booklet is written in an simply available sort and contours a number of real-world examples to demonstrate methodological points.
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Additional resources for A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences
Political Analysis 14:347-52. Blalock,H. , Jr. 1964. Causal inferences in nonexperimental research. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Bollen, K. A. 1989. Structural equations with latent variables. New York: Wiley. Cheibub, J. A. 2007. P residentialism, parliamentarism, and democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. , H. E. Brady, and J. Seawright. 2010. Sources of leverage in causal inference: toward an alternative view of methodology. In Rethinking social inquiry: diverse tools, shared standards, 2nd edition, edited by H.
Multiplication in statistical analysis and the logical AND in set-theoretic analysis are analogous, but they are not the same mathematical procedure. Moreover, one procedure is not somehow inherently superior to the other. They are merely different ways to aggregate data. In certain theoretical or substantive contexts, scholars might have reasons to prefer one mode of aggregation to the other. But there is no a priori reason to believe that one aggregation model should be preferred. Mathematical Prelude 31 The two cultures metaphor also allows that one could use the other culture's aggregation technique.
However, the relative size of this subset has varied over time. 4a, we have a hypothetical depiction of the situation as of 1820. At that time, there were few democracies in the world, and thus very few democratic dyads. , Y. 4b, more than half the countries of the world are now democracies. This means that X as a subset of Y has increased dramatically, constituting a reasonable proportion of Y. With data from 1820, one could Chapter 2 36 plausibly claim that the theory of a democratic peace is a true but fairly trivial finding.