By James Reilly
Celebrated for its old water wheels, the city of Hama is found on Syria’s longest river, the Orontes. Ottoman Hama was once a stopover at the significant north-south street of Syria in addition to the heart of an area monetary area of its personal. Intertwined social networks associated townspeople to the peasants and pastoral nomads of Hama’s hinterland. through the early 20th century a number of elite and extraordinary households had come to dominate the political and financial lifetime of Hama and its outlying villages, surroundings the level for the city’s dramatic access into Syrian nationwide lifestyles in the course of the French Mandate and post-colonial sessions. dependent mostly on neighborhood judicial files, this e-book is a social heritage of Hama over the past centuries of Ottoman rule. It examines the social and financial constructions that outlined people’s lives and that conditioned their participation within the ancient adjustments of the eighteenth and 19th centuries. Dramatis personae contain women and men, commoners and notables, retailers and artisans, and others who, taken jointly, signify a cross-section of a center jap society as they entered the area of world markets, ecu empires, and glossy states.
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Extra info for A Small Town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
Sükrü Hanioglu, “The Young Turks and the Arabs Before the Revolution of 1908,” in The Origins of Arab Nationalism, ed. Rashid Khalidi (New York, 1991), 40. Such walled compounds were usually linked to elite and notable families. See LCR Hama 42:397–400, doc. 795, muntasif Muharram 1146/ 28 June 1733; 46:167, doc. 353, 3 Jumada I 1208/ 7 Dec. 1793; 46:207–208, doc. 457–458 [pt. 1], awasit Dhu al-Hijja 1208/ 14 July 1794; 46:254–254, doc. 542, 25 Dhu al-Qa‘da 1211/ 22 May 1797; 46:349–50, doc. 636, 21 Jumada II 1213/ 5 Dec.
G. LCR Hama 42:397–400, doc. 795, muntasif Muharram 1146/ 28 June 1733; 42:410, doc. 815, awa’il Dhu al-Qa‘da 1146/ 19 April 1734. Schilcher, Families in Politics, 194. LCR Hama 46:251–253, doc. 541, 13 Dhu al-Qa‘da 1209/ 1 June 1795; 46:257, doc. 544, 25 Dhu al-Qa‘da 1211/ 22 May 1797; 46: 253–254, doc. 542, 25 Dhu al-Qa‘da 1211/ 22 May 1797. For a biographical sketch of ‘Abd al-Qadir see Muhammad Khalil al-Muradi, Silk al-Durar fi A‘yan al-Qarn alThani ‘Ashar (Baghdad, 1874), 3:46–48. A comparably lavish endowment was established in 1820 by a subsequent Kaylani, ‘Abd al-Qadir b.
G. LCR Hama 42:323, doc. 653, 12 Ramadan 1144/ 9 March 1732; 42:344, doc. 705, ghurrat Muharram 1145/ 24 June 1732; 46:156, doc. 328 [pt. 1], 22 Rabi‘ I 1208/ 28 Oct. 1793; 46:159, doc. 334 [pt. 1], salkh Rabi‘ I 1208/ 5 Nov. 1793; 46:193, doc. 436, 11 Sha‘ban 1208/ 14 March 1794; 53:3, 9 Sha‘ban 1265/ 30 June 1849; 53:5, ghayat Shawwal 1265/ 17 Sept. 1849; 53:17, 19 Safar 1266/ 4 Jan. 1850; 53:45, 14 Sha‘ban 1266/ 25 June 1850. On public health in Hama see the critical comments of a local historian of the early twentieth century, Sabuni, in Tarikh Hamah, 116–118.