A Short History of Jewish Ethics: Conduct and Character in by Alan L. Mittleman, Andy Paris

By Alan L. Mittleman, Andy Paris

A brief heritage of Jewish Ethics strains the improvement of Jewish ethical thoughts and moral mirrored image from its Biblical roots to the current day. bargains an attractive and considerate account of Jewish ethics.

Brings jointly and discusses a large diversity of historic assets masking millennia of writings and conversations.

Combines present scholarship with unique insights.

Written by means of an important across the world well-known pupil of Jewish philosophy and ethics.

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Rachel emerges as both petulant and pious, conflicted and joyous – the very model of a realistic human being. The Bible’s portrayal of its characters, especially in Genesis, emphasizes their flawed humanity. They grope to do the right thing, the good thing, untutored by anything other than their own resources of experience and tradition, and occasionally by the illumination of the deity. Later tradition garbs these characters with the cloak of saintliness; the Bible covers them with rougher garments.

The world, as a created order wrought from primordial chaos, is good. We are equipped to discern the good and to enact it. The value embedded in the world, qua creation, already limns the outlines of a best way of life for human beings. The world is so arranged that human beings can flourish within it if they follow this way. The way can be discerned. It is available to non-Israelites, through moral reason. Its most basic principle is one of respect, reciprocity, and limit: “Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed” (Gen.

Socrates shows Euthyphro that his definition is incoherent. In a polytheistic context, the gods in fact differ in their appraisals of what is good, holy, or just; such differences lead to violent conflicts among the gods of myth. What one god considers just, another finds outrageous. Socrates tries to wean Euthyphro from his traditional piety toward a more transcendent, rational perspective – the kind of move we associate with the Axial Age. 21 Plato, in works such as the Protagoras, will later try to found a science of ethics that has an exactitude and a rational structure similar to mathematics.

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