By Herman Westerink
Figures of the subconscious, No. 8Sigmund Freud, in his look for the origins of the experience of guilt in person existence and tradition, on a regular basis speaks of "reading a gloomy trace," hence bearing on the Oedipus fable as a fantasy in regards to the challenge of human guilt. In Freud's view, this feeling of guilt is a hint, a course, that leads deep into the individual's psychological country, into youth thoughts, and into the prehistory of tradition and faith. Herman Westerink follows this hint and analyzes Freud's proposal at the feel of guilt as a significant factor in his paintings, from the earliest reports at the ethical and "guilty" characters of the hysterics, through later advanced differentiations in the proposal of the experience of guilt, and eventually to Freud's belief of civilization's discontents and Jewish experience of guilt. The experience of guilt is a key factor in Freudian psychoanalysis, not just with regards to different key suggestions in psychoanalytic thought but in addition relating to Freud's debates with different psychoanalysts, together with Carl Jung and Melanie Klein.
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Additional info for A Dark Trace: Sigmund Freud on the Sense of Guilt (Figures of the Unconscious)
S. 211. 220. 139 P. 93. 140 R. 1ff (originally 1886). 141 H. 56ff. indd 27 15/06/09 14:37 A Dark Trace unacceptable behaviour, precisely in the bourgeois family. 142 Returning to draft K (mentioned above), written to Fliess, at first the manuscript appears to be a summary of his theory at that time. Yet exactly at that time Freud was putting his basic principles up for discussion. Again he discusses the defence(s) against incompatible ideas. Defence functions normally when ideas which were linked to unpleasure do not arouse feelings of unpleasure in the present.
Gay mentions that Freud owed a great deal to patients like Elisabeth von R. : “by 1892, Freud had assembled the outlines of psychoanalytic technique: close observation, apt interpretation, free association unencumbered by hypnosis, and working through”. P. 73. 87 J. Breuer, S. 164. indd 18 15/06/09 14:37 Chapter 1. Carmen and other representations that hysterics are also “morally sensitive”. Hysterics’ conflict is a moral conflict; their character is a moral character. It is thus not their own guilt, not only by virtue of a morally sensitive character, but also because symptoms, such as self-reproach and guilt, often appear only after some time has passed.
Good can be differentiated from bad because the correctness or incorrectness of a judgement is evident. Such judgements are not based on blind instinct, but upon deliberate and correct assessment. By correct he means that one judgement or act is evidently better than another. 115 With respect to guilt and feeling guilty, we can thus deduce that every sense of guilt in normal people can be traced back here to “one’s own guilt”, because an incorrect decision did not have to be made. The correctness of another judgement or act was, after all, evident.