A Colonial Complex: South Carolina's Frontiers in the Era of by Steven J. Oatis

By Steven J. Oatis

In 1715 the upstart British colony of South Carolina used to be approximately destroyed in an unforeseen clash with a lot of its Indian acquaintances, such a lot particularly the Yamasees, a gaggle whose sovereignty had turn into more and more threatened. The South Carolina armed forces retaliated time and again till, by way of 1717, the Yamasees have been approximately annihilated, and their survivors fled to Spanish Florida. The warfare not just despatched surprise waves all through South Carolina's executive, economic system, and society, but additionally had a profound influence on colonial and Indian cultures from the Atlantic Coast to the Mississippi River.

Drawing on a various variety of colonial documents, A Colonial Complex builds on contemporary advancements in frontier background and depicts the Yamasee battle as a part of a colonial advanced: a huge development of alternate that associated the Southeast’s Indian, African, and eu cultures during the past due 17th and early eighteenth centuries. within the first distinctive research of this important clash, Steven J. Oatis indicates the results of South Carolina’s competitive imperial enlargement at the problems with frontier exchange, strive against, and international relations, viewing them not just from the point of view of English South Carolinians but in addition from that of the societies that handled the South Carolinians either at once and ultimately. Readers will locate new details at the deerskin alternate, the Indian slave alternate, imperial contention, frontier army technique, and the key ameliorations within the cultural panorama of the early colonial Southeast.

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Extra info for A Colonial Complex: South Carolina's Frontiers in the Era of the Yamasee War, 1680-1730

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Clearly the need for protection played a significant role in their receptiveness toward the South Carolina traders. Having contributed to the feelings of fear and uneasiness among many of the Southeast’s Indian societies, the English were increasingly able to profit from the Indians’ insecurity. 91pt ——— Normal PgEnds: [24], (13 The Origins of the Yamasee–South Carolina Alliance Nowhere did the South Carolinians reap more benefits from Indian warfare than in the collapsing province of Guale. For nearly a hundred years, the coastal Guales, a chiefdom of Mississippian ancestry, had comprised the most tenuous and volatile of Florida’s mission provinces.

Spain’s disputes with England over the Southeast began even before the arrival of the first English colonists. In drawing up a revised royal charter for Carolina in 1665, Charles II gave England access to territory that the Spanish, with some justification, claimed for their own. At twenty-nine degrees latitude, the southern boundary of the 1665 sea-to-sea Carolina charter was well below Saint Augustine, a site the Spanish had occupied for nearly a hundred years. Having regarded the English as Protestant heretics and bitter enemies since the days of Queen Elizabeth and the Spanish Armada, the Spanish Floridians were not likely to extend a generous welcome to the English ships that began mooring at the junction of the Ashley and Cooper rivers in 1670.

7 More than 150 years after their first disastrous contacts with Europeans, most of the Southeast’s fractured Indian societies were gradually stabilizing and regrouping into enclaves based loosely on ethnicity or shared cultural fragments held over from the Mississippian period. As archeologist Marvin T. Smith has demonstrated in a study detailing the collapse of the Coosa chiefdom into smaller and more loosely affiliated towns, the seventeenth century was a period of especially significant migration.

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