A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United by Heinz Kramer

By Heinz Kramer

Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the U.S. and Europe. After the death of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic significance has replaced yet no longer reduced. this present day Turkey is dealing with a very assorted overseas and safeguard coverage surroundings. even if, Turkey can also be present process striking inner swap. Many validated political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more puzzled by means of a becoming a part of its humans. specifically, there's the increase of political Islam and the consequent conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the controversy approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality."

Turkey's allies must reply to this improvement by means of adapting their regulations. not anything lower than a re-assessment and, ultimately, a re-orientation in family with either the U.S. and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West.

This ebook undertakes a entire evaluate and research of Turkey's inner and exterior alterations and gives components of a brand new ecu and American coverage towards a key strategic partner.

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The Kemalist fundamentals of the Turkish state as laid down in the constitution also have to be respected. Thus it is, for instance, nearly impossible to establish private organizations that support such matters as Kurdish culture or language. More recently, associations that support an Islamic way of public life have also come under attack by state authorities. These barriers and restrictions notwithstanding, a civil society "culture" is about to develop in Turkey. Some areas and institutions stand out in this respect: human rights issues, environmental issues, business associations, and, most recently, Islamic civil movements.

2011 04:21:53 page_23 < previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 a typically urban and largely middle-class phenomenon. 42 This generally holds true for the more politically conscious part of Turkey's civil society in general. The rural population normally is only engaged in civil activities for or against specific measures of the state or economic organization such as the protest actions against Eurogold in the Bergama region or the Akkuyu power plant that directly affect their living conditions.

Today, politicians rank among the least trusted people in Turkey and are mainly regarded as dishonest and corrupt. Without a quick and fundamental remedy, the economic and social policy failures of the established parties and their representatives can prepare the way to a more severe erosion of the foundations of the political system. The Emerging Civil Society When in early 1993 the renowned secularist journalist Ugur* Mumcu fell victim to a bomb attempt on his life presumably carried out by Islamist terrorists, a crowd took to the streets of Ankara to protest what they condemned as the re-Islamization of Turkey's public life.

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