A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

At the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed striking ethnic and cultural range one of the expected thirty million humans dwelling inside its borders. It was once possibly the main cosmopolitan country within the world--and potentially the main risky. A short heritage of the overdue Ottoman Empire now provides students and basic readers a concise historical past of the past due empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked via outstanding social change.

relocating prior general remedies of the topic, M. Sükrü Hanioglu emphasizes large ancient tendencies and methods greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid strong competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and international powers. He appears to be like heavily on the socioeconomic alterations this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu indicates how this background isn't just necessary to comprehending glossy Turkey, yet is necessary to the histories of Europe and the realm. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to existence in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial data and different records from the interval to explain it because it truly was once, now not because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. A short heritage of the past due Ottoman Empire is a must-read for an individual trying to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the area nonetheless grapples with today.

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Moreover, the malikâne often had a negative impact on local economies, because the farming out of many local fiscal resources by the central treasury deprived many provincial administrations of traditional sources of income. A major debilitating factor for the Ottoman economy was war. 5 million gurushes paid to Russia in 1775—equivalent to almost half of all state revenues for that year—bloated expenditure; and the need for a bigger and better military required an increasing flow of funds for investment and upkeep.

Upper-class mansions often featured other traditional art forms, such as ebru, the Ottoman art of making marbled paper, and decorated tiles. Although non-Muslim houses were not subject to the iconoclastic prohibitions of Islam, as a rule they too contained little art. Upper-class Orthodox households constituted an important exception, in that they often possessed gilded icons. In terms of objects of utility, however, the inventories reveal a surprising degree of uniformity across social strata.

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