By Veronika Gazhonova
This booklet introduces a thrilling new technique for breast ultrasound diagnostics – automatic whole-breast quantity scanning (3D ABVS). Scanning approach is defined intimately, with suggestions on scanning positions and protocols. Imaging findings are then illustrated and mentioned for regular breast variations, different different types of breast melanoma, fibroadenomas, cystic affliction, benign and malignant male breast problems, mastitis, breast implants, and postoperative breast scars. to be able to reduction appreciation of the advantages of 3D ABVS, comparisons with findings on X-ray mammography and traditional second handheld US are offered. Readers can be specifically inspired via the convincing demonstration of the benefits of the recent process for prognosis of breast melanoma in ladies with dense glandular tissue. In permitting readers to profit how you can practice and interpret 3D ABVS, this ebook can be of serious worth for all who're embarking on its use. it's going to additionally function a welcome reference for radiologists, oncologists, and ultrasonographers who have already got a few familiarity with the technique.
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Additional resources for 3D Automated Breast Volume Sonography: A Practical Guide
1 Normal Breast 41 a b 1 2 2 7 7 2 4 2 3 6 7 7 Fig. 8 Involution changes of the breast in a premenopausal 48-year-old woman. Comparison of the HHUS and ABVS data of the same patient. (1) Premammary fat, (2) glandular tissue, (3) nipple and areolar area, (4) retromammary fat, (6) pectoral muscles, (7) Cooper’s ligaments. (a) On the HHUS image reduction and narrowing of the echogenic glandular tissue, increase of fibrosis and appearance of fatty lobes interspersed in the residual glandular tissue are clearly seen.
The nipple line is marked by a straight line. Note the distance between the nipple and the lesion is equal on both images. (a) Left part, mammogram in mediolateral oblique view; right part, ABVS tomogram in latero-medial view. The tumor on the MMG is present as a zone of focal microcalcification against the dense glandular tissue. The tumor and the nipple are connected with a continuing direct (white) line. ABVS shows a hypoechoic area with irregular stellate margins in this view. The distance from the nipple to the mass is comparable in both methods.
The multislice view mode in the lower figures shows the relationship of the tumor with the anterior pectoralis fascia. The tumor has a tiny connection with the fascia that is clearly visible in the multislice view function with indication of the day of the cycle, and information about combined oral (intrauterine) contraceptive treatment, if present. In the absence of the cycle, the following should be indicated: duration of menopause, information about hormone replacement, and other therapy that can affect the breast.