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The tale of incense is without doubt one of the such a lot fascinating in either jap and western tradition. From the 1st millennium BC to the modern-day it's been wanted and valued on a par with useful metals or gem stones. even though incense was once a luxurious, it was once ate up in prodigious amounts by way of the traditional global, in temples and at funerals, but in addition in inner most houses. The papers in this quantity examine the position of incense, essentially - notwithstanding no longer solely - in the course of the Roman interval. it really is was hoping that they are going to offer a kick off point for additional examine into this very important, yet overlooked, zone of social and financial archaeology.

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DJIB/19 ” 283. d. DJIB/20 ” 284. N9, 20 km after N1 a. DJIB/21 ” 285. b. DJIB/22 ” 286. c. DJIB/23 ” 287. d. DJIB/24 ” 288. N9, 2 km N a. DJIB/25 contemporary Guinni Koma bay basaltic lava 289. b. DJIB/26 ” 290. c. DJIB/27 ” 291. N9, close to Addali a. DJIB/28 Basaltic fissure circulate 292. b. DJIB/29 higher a part of Stratoid sequence 293. c. DJIB/30 ” 294. d. DJIB/31 ” 295. Hill N Tadjoura a. DJIB/32 ” 296. b. DJIB/33 ” 297. c. DJIB/34 ” 298. d. DJIB/35 ” 299. Plateau du Serpent, sea wall a. DJIB/36 Imported block three hundred. b. DJIB/37 ” bankruptcy four: The Port of Qana’ and the Incense alternate Alexander Sedov creation The ruins of a payment pointed out because the historical Ḥaḍrami city-port of Qana’ are positioned at the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula close to the trendy village of Bi’r ‘Alī, at the contrary aspect of an attractive bay, on the foot-hill of the black volcanic rock known as Ḥuṣn al-Ghurāb, most likely the most effective touchdown locations at the southern coast of Yemen (Fig. four. 1 a–b, Fig. four. 2). The rock, with a greatest peak of approximately a hundred and forty m, occupies the south-western promontory of the bay. The width of the bay is ready three km, extending inland approximately 2 km. There are six islands in entrance of the Bi’r ‘Alī bay: the flat volcanic island of Halaniya is ready 800 m south of Ḥuṣn al-Ghurāb, Siha island is ready eleven nautical miles south-east of Ḥuṣn al-Ghurāb, 3 small islands known as al-Gaddarayn (‘Two Traitors’) are approximately four nautical miles east of Ḥuṣn al-Ghurāb, and the big al-Barrāqah island lies at the a long way south-east of the Bi’r ‘Alī bay. To the west of Ḥuṣn al-Ghurāb there's a particularly broad sandy bay, approximately 50 km in size, often called Gubbat al-‘Ayn. A promontory referred to as Ra’s Qusayr (13° fifty four’ N; forty seven° forty seven’ E) borders the bay to the west. at the north-western aspect is the mouth of Wadi Mayfa’a, the middle of the so-called Western Ḥaḍramawt (al-Mashriq). on the japanese finish of Gubbat al-‘Ayn is the Wadi ‘Arar (al-Huvail) and promontory known as Ra’s al-‘Usaida. The shortly deserted city of Balḥāf, inbuilt the Nineteen Thirties via the rulers of the al-Vahidi family members, is found within sight. The volcanic rock of Ra’s al-Ratl lies 6. five km east of Ra’s al-‘Usaida, in shut area to Ḥuṣn al-Ghurāb. East of Bi’r ‘Alī there's one other broad bay referred to as Maqdahā (Majdahā). The ruins of a small village and wintry weather place of abode of al-Vahidi sultans will be traced in its japanese half. the positioning of Majdahā used to be pointed out through Ibn al-Mujāwir (died in advert 1291), who defined it as a station at the pilgrim street from Raysut (the current Sultanate of Oman) to Aden (Ibn al- Mujāwir 1954, 270; Sprenger 1864, 145). based on a few students, the earliest point out of Qana’ happens within the Bible (Ezekiel xxvii, 23) and will be dated round the first area of the sixth century BC (Doe 1971, 182; Griaznevich 1995, 285) (but cf. below). Kανή έμπóριóν was once identified to Pliny (Natural historical past, 6, 36, 104) and Ptolemy (Geography, V, 7, � 10; VIII, 22, �9), and used to be additionally pointed out within the Periplus Maris Erythraei, the traditional consultant written most likely round the heart of the first century advert by way of a Greek-speaking service provider.

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